Written by: Chan Ping Xuan
henever there is craving for Thai food but we are sick of Mookata and Boat Noodles, we will prepare a refreshing Herb Rice Salad, Khao Yam (pronounced as Kao Jam). Originating from Thailand, "Khao" means rice and "jam" means the action of mixing the ingredients together. In Malay, this dish is more commonly known as nasi ulam or "vegetable rice".
“Although the preparation takes time, the whole process and experience of cooking and eating Khao Yam with my family is very rewarding”
My hometown is Kedah, in the northern part of Malaysia. When I was young and my parents were working in Singapore, I lived with my maternal grandma. Due to their work nature, they visited me once a year. The most memorable moment for me with my grandma is that she would ride a bike with me to Hat Yai, a city in Thailand’s far south near the Malaysian border, to visit my uncle who became a monk there.
Until I was 6 years old, I migrated to Singapore to live with my parents. It was around this time where I got to know this dish from my Dad. Apparently, my maternal side family is not aware of this dish. Khao Jam does not travel very well in Asia as it takes ample time of slicing, chopping, and toasting of ingredients. This is definitely the best dish to train your knife skills!
Every family has their own Khao Yam recipe, which are all slightly different. It is entirely up to the individual to include anything available. Since the pandemic, our family has been homesick and during the weekends, we will travel to the west of Singapore (Clementi) to get the most difficult-to-find ingredients which are ginger flower bud (used in some Singaporean Rojak) and freshly grated coconut. All ingredients must be freshly prepared as it is eaten raw.
It takes a lot of dedication to prepare this dish using caveman methods. No air fryer or special machinery is used- Only basic tools and equipment such as a knife, chopping board, stove and pan. My family members will come together to prepare this traditional dish.
To experience the authentic way of eating Khao Yam, use your hands! In the mouth, it is a complex mixture of textures and flavours… Soft tender rice with crunchy greens, bean sprouts and onion. Spiciness from the sambal is toned down by the creaminess of the freshly grated coconut. The turmeric strips add colour to your rice and stain your fingers. The saltiness from the fried salty fish brings all the herb flavours from mint leaves, curry leaves and lemongrass. Although the preparation takes time, the whole process and experience of cooking and eating Khao Yam with my family is very rewarding.